How to Build a Deck Frame

How to Build a Deck Frame

when your deck posts are all mounted, its time to construct the deck body. The body on this tutorial essentially represents all of the number one guide beams that your deck would require the perimeter, of course, and also some beams running through the center of the deck perimeter to help the middle sections of the deck ground. This process is without a doubt quite easy and simple, so theres no want to procrastinate any further. lets get to it!

Youll need to start installing your deck body on the sturdiest, most strong point on your deck. in the case that youre mounting to your own home, that point is wherein the deck starts to depart the house. measure from one corner to the farthest nook of your outer publish. (non-compulsory: depending on the lengths of lumber that you are managing, it could make more experience so as to upload 3 to this size and have your outer body increase three past the corner in this aspect. This connection may be defined later.)

reduce two portions of 2×6 pretreated lumber to this length.

clamp the two portions of lumber together in guidelines: (1) to hold the forums pressed collectively, and (2) to hold the sides of the boards flush with each different.

Use 2-1/2 exterior timber screws to attach the boards. multiple screws every 2 or so is masses; you dont want to move wild here.

In the instance that your outer deck body abuts with a wall-hooked up deck frame, a putting bracket wont paintings due to the fact one aspect of it has nothing to attach to but air.

Use a heavy obligation kreg jig to drill 4 pocket holes into your doubled-up 2×6, on each facet at one give up.

Have your 2-1/2 heavy responsibility pocket screws available.

Prop the doubled-up 2x6s up so the tops of the lumber are flush with the relationship lumber (in this example, the wall-installed lumber). Use 2-1/2 heavy duty pocket screws to connect the boards.

set up pocket screws into all four pocket holes, two in step with aspect. The outdoor edges of your nook need to now be flush.


vicinity a stage for your doubled-up deck body boards to see wherein it'll connect to the nook submit.

In the example which you are attaching this doubled-up 2×6 to a bracketed 2×6 cedar pergola publish, youll note that the heads of your lag bolts and washers extend outward, because of this that your deck body wont be able to lie flush onto your posts which you worked so difficult to make even and rectangular and degree.

Dont worry. clearly use a hammer and chisel to take away the part of your deck frame a good way to cross over pinnacle of the bolt heads.

measure how a ways out the bolt heads and washers increase, and measure the size of the bracket rectangle itself, then chisel out that a lot.

Set a level at the doubled-up boards, and ensure its degree as you align the floating cease with the put up.

preserving the level and your doubled-up deck body forums in area, predrill holes in your lag bolts (try and attain the drill bit into the corner put up if you can). Drill out approximately 1/2 deep with a removal bit this is slightly bigger than your washers.

this can permit the bolt heads to enter the lumber, in place of stick out, a good way to help immensely whilst you go to install your exterior deck forums.

Use a ratchet drill bit to put in your lag bolts WITH WASHERS. Dont ever forget the washers on those. (those are 3/eight diameter four long lag bolts, that's lengthy enough because of the countersinking.)


As you can see, the face of your deck body is flush, with the lag bolts countersunk into the pretreated lumber.

install a complete lag bolt and washing machine to maintain the board in region while you do the other lag bolt. Repeat the procedure for a second lag bolt. you may install a third and/or fourth if youd like, but its now not necessary.

Now that the 2 corners are set up, use the identical lag bolt method for attaching the doubled-up deck body to any center 4×four posts.

Now that the first doubled-up deck body perimeter piece is installed, youll use its stop to start your 2d segment. This subsequent phase can be hooked up much like the first, with some matters to preserve in thoughts.

whilst you degree this 2d stretch of outer deck framing, youll want to degree to a mountable point. In this situation, it became halfway thru our 2nd pergola submit. you may discover yours to hit a four×4 publish; measure to the midway factor of this in order that each ends may be attached.

additionally, and this is very important, youll want to measure from the OUTER corner of your frame. In this situation, now that weve added a doubled-up lumber body, youll degree to the outdoor nook of these boards as opposed to the corner of the put up. The nook of the post method not anything to you anymore, with relation to frame board length. (but, in case you selected at the beginning to feature 3 for your unique board duration and still have a 3 overhang of doubled-up deck framing, youll measure to the inner of these boards.)

thankfully, the bracket of your pergola put up most effective has to be dealt with on one facet, so as a minimum one of your deck body installations wont require chiseling. Hooray!

begin the following section of deck frame set up at the stop factor of the closing section, which must be on the center of a deck body put up. lag bolts must offer lots of guide at every publish, if youve executed the research and spaced the boards out in keeping with endorsed spatial-weight ratios.

while you come to a degree on your deck that doesnt will let you mount a bracket, neither does it will let you set up pocket screws onto each facets of your doubled-up framing boards, you might need to get creative.

in this example, pocket holes were drilled on one facet of the doubled-up forums in addition to at the top.

A 6 nook bracket was then hooked up with #eight nails to add extra assist.

even as its now not how a deck would be framed in the ideal international, you on occasion need to get creative when coping with barriers and retrofitting something in location. This setup will offer plenty of guide in this little nook.

note, once more, the way you need to carefully take into account which aspect of a nook can accommodate the additional three length of your forums. You cant without a doubt degree to the corner of the put up on both aspects, due to the fact that would leave you with a 3 blank square on the very outer nook of your deck.

In a few instances, the lag screws must be established from the submit side out to the doubled-up deck frame. That takes place while theres a permanent obstacle at the outer edge that wont permit get admission to to that side of the deck frame. If that is the case, countersink approximately 1 into your four×4 publish so that a 4 lag screw will hit into the second one (outer) 2×6 pretreated lumber of your deck frame.

some sections of your deck body might contain a variety of those deck framing strategies, and thats perfectly pleasant as long as each is hooked up with enough help in its personal proper.

At this point, following this ordinary method, you need to have completed the outer perimeter of your deck frame.

It cant be pressured enough, as you work in this, to check and double-test for degree and flush at each factor. Being specific and correct at this level of the sport will now not most effective make it easier for you as you start working on the deck ground, however it will additionally make the stop end result turn out a whole lot better.

depending on the scale of your deck, although, you may need to add in a chunk greater framing for assist. This deck could be 14 through about 25 at the longest factor, so we are able to want two extra framing beams going for walks across the deck. word: set up these help beams in the same direction as you need your deck ground boards to run.

with your tape aligned on the sides of the posts that you will be using for those help boards, measure from the inner edges of your deck body. Mark this duration on 2×6 pretreated lumber forums, and reduce them one at a time. Stack the forums and provide them a two-directional clamping all the manner down the forums.

yet again, youll want to screw these boards collectively.

these beams could be in the center of your deck and, therefore, will convey the majority of your deck assist obligations. 5 lag screws could be used for those.

retaining the doubled-up boards in area, flush in opposition to the two posts that they'll be using for guide, vicinity a double 2×6 bracket in opposition to the wall-mounted framing board.

Mark the placement of the bracket, along with the internal aspects and the top. be sure that a helper is protecting the opposite stop of the beam flush and in line on the alternative aspect of your deck frame, so that your markings are correct. word that the bracket will now not be established flush with the top of the two×6 body; as an alternative, it will be installed a touch bit lower in order that the beam it holds is flush.

Use #eight nails once more to install the bracket, using your pencil marks as recommendations.

location the beam into the bracket.

Pound within the extra nails into the beam lumber; there need to be two diagonal nails into every of the 2x6s for your doubled-up beam.

clamp the opposite stop of your beam in area, maintaining all edges flush and paying specific attention to the tops of your framing boards. these need to be flippantly flat.

installation the alternative stop of your publish the usage of the same steps for deck frame set up that youve used previously: predrill, drill countersinking hollow, ratchet in lag screw and washer. Repeat.

next, pass onto mounting your beam to the center put up, because both ends are now firmly hooked up.

Youll probably need to clamp the beam to the put up whilst youre predrilling and ratcheting in the lag screws. despite the fact that its flush to begin with, the beam has a tendency to push faraway from the post as youre screwing it in.

Repeat for the other middle beams.

Congratulations! Youve finished installing the primary guide beams on your deck.

subsequent will come joists, installed perpendicular to the beams.

but, for a minute, sit down back and revel in what youve created thus far. Its turning into a reality, and youre getting things achieved. well done.

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